The 1,148 km Sagarmatha National Park in Everest in the eastern Nepali Himalayas is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Sagarmatha is the Nepali name for Mount Everest. It is derived from the words sagar. It means “sky,”. And matha, which means “head”. Everest in Western culture the mountain and its surroundings are known. With the peak of Everest at just over 8,800 metres high. And the Sagarmatha National Park’s lowest point at just over 2,800 metres. It is the highest national park in the world. The park’s distinctive landscape of forests, arid plains. And snow-capped hills is home to about 6,000 native Sherpas. As well as a variety of other wildlife.
The number of visitors to the area each year has dramatically expanded. The park was established in 1976. And listed as a World Heritage Site in 1979. The number of visitors to the park each year has increased from about 3,500 in 1979 to over 30,000 currently.
People who want to trek to Everest Base Camp or on one of the many other treks in the area. Such the Gokyo Lakes, Island Peak.
Flora and Fauna:
Sagarmatha National Park’s geography, which spans an elevation range of almost 6,000 metres. It is incredibly diverse, ranging from lush forests in the lower. Southern areas to arid terrain that fills most of the valleys.
If you visit the park, you’ll quickly realise that the vast bulk of your time. It will be spent on arid desert. Only sometimes broken up by patches of grazing area. You will be in snowy terrain over 5,800 metres. Here plants cannot grow and only the bold and crazy dare to venture.
The Gokyo Lakes:
It is the highest freshwater lake system in the world, are located in the Dudh Koshi Valley. To the west of the park. In addition to the well-known lakes, the park is home to many glaciers. The greatest of which, the Ngozumpa Glacier. It is the largest permanent mass of ice in the world and the largest in the Himalayas.
However, the 7 summits, each above 6,000 metres high, are the park’s main draws.
With the exception of a few rhododendron-covered hillsides in the early spring. The vegetation significantly thins out as you travel further north and gain elevation. Even further up, the vegetation changes into tiny shrubs, and finally, only mosses and lichens remain.
Bird life International has additionally designated the park as an Important Bird Area. Because the lower woodlands are home to at least 118 different bird species. Red pandas, Himalayan black bears, and other uncommon mammal species are found in the region.
Also Read: Prashar Lake Trek: A Complete Guide
The Sagarmatha National Park’s surrounding area is inhabited by Tibetan Buddhist Sherpas. Because of their beliefs and their unbreakable spiritual ties to the land they live on. They have maintained their distinctive culture. And religion to this day and still advocate for the preservation of the park. Foods are primarily made of grains and vegetables.
The several monasteries strewn around the area. As well as the mani walls (rocks engraved with prayer inscriptions). And prayer flags are associated with Everest and the Himalayas. All are examples of Sherpa culture.
Tourism and Future of the Park:
Generally speaking, the rise in visitors to the park each year has greatly benefited the local population. As well as the local infrastructure. The flood of tourists has brought with it a consistent flow of money and investment into the area.
Even at the highest altitudes, Wi-Fi is available in most tea rooms and restaurants. The Everest Base Camp Trek has grown to be one of the most well-known and popular in the world. And many tour operators, both foreign and local, now operate in the area.
Even at the highest altitudes, Wi-Fi is available in most tea rooms and restaurants. With more than 30,000 people each year. The Everest Base Camp Trek has grown to become one of the most well-known. And well-liked tours in the world.